英銘 / 2015-09-26


閱讀測驗是很多考生畏懼的英文題型之一,其實閱讀測驗的解題並不難,記得先從題目看起,再去看文章。如果是與題目無關的句子,不要浪費太多時間去鑽研,這 樣還可以節省作答的時間。此篇文章的第一段中,有提到“language” (語言)、“develop” (發展),所以文章一定是跟語言的發展有關。 

  Linguists subscribe to the belief that the languages of about
  one-third of the human race all developed from one Indo-European
  language. But who were the speakers of this ancient language?
  Linguistic detective work offers some clues: you can deduce a
5 people’s history from the words they use. Study of some fifty ancient
  vocabularies has led to a reconstruction of the lifestyle of the first
  Indo-Europeans, a vanished people. From the words they used, it
  seems likely that they lived a half-settled, half-nomadic existence.
  They worshipped gods who are clear ancestors of Indian,
10 Mediterranean, and Celtic deities. However, exactly who the original
  Indo-Europeans were and when they lived remain a hotly debated
  mystery. According to an early theory, they lived in Mesopotamia, but
  this idea was exploded by nineteenth-century archaeology. Today,
  some argue for the Krugan culture of the Russian steppes, others for
15 the farming culture of the Danube valley. The most widely accepted
  theory locates the Indo-Europeans in a cold, northern climate where
  common words for snow and wolf were important. None of these
  prehistoric languages had a word for the sea. From this, and from
  our knowledge of nature, it is clear that the Indo-Europeans must
20 have lived somewhere in northern central Europe.
 

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